The Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils from the Leaf, Stem-Bark and Twig of Terminalia mantaly H. Perrier (Combretaceae) from Nigeria


  •   Olajumoke Mariam Owoade

  •   David Gbenga Oke


The essential oils from the leaf, stem-bark and twig of Terminalia mantaly were isolated by hydrodistillation. The volatile oils analysed on Gas Chromatography (GC) and Gas Chromatography – Mass Spectrometer (GC - MS). The identified constituents were twelve, twenty-three and seventeen for the leaf, stem-bark and twig and accounted for 89.57%, 95.77%, 95.92% respectively. Hexahydrofarnesylacetone (30.05%) and Z-pinane (16.71%) were the main constituents in the leaf oil and nonanal (21.16%) and heptanal (10.57%) were principal component in the stem-bark volatile oil. Xylene isomers namely, meta and para (21.98%-23.56%) were the major components of the twig with substantial amount of nonanal (13.64%).

Keywords: Essential oil. GC-MS, hydrodistillation, Terminalia mantaly


N. L. Edwin-Wosu and T. Omara-Achong, “Ecogeographical Amplitude,” J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manag. 17, 75–80, 2013.

C. Orwa, A. Mutua, R. Kindt, R. Jamndass, and A. Simon, “Database: A tree reference and selection guide version” (http//www.worlagroforest 1-5) 2009.

T. M. Tohuente Tchuenmogne, T. N. Kammalac, S. Gohlke, et. al. “Compounds from Terminalia mantaly L. (Combretaceae) Stem Bark Exhibit Potent Inhibition against Some Pathogenic Yeasts and Enzymes of Metabolic Significance” Medicines 4, 6. 2017.

K. Coulibaly, “Evaluation of the Antifungal Activity of Extracts of Bark of Commercial Species” Category P1 the Forest of Mopri, Tiassale (Southern Ivory Coast). Memory Master In Tropical Ecology, Plant option, University of Cocody-Abidjan, Department of Bioscience. 23–25, 2006.

B. E. Kamo IL, et. al. “Assessment of toxic effects of hydro-alcoholic extract of Terminalia mantaly h . Perrier (Combretaceae) via hematological evaluation in rats” Pharma Innov. J. 3, 34–40, 2015.

P. Kokora, et. al. “Antibacterial Activity of Ethanolic and Aqueous Extracts of Four Medicinal Plants on the in vitro Growth of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus” J. Drug Deliv. Ther. 3, 113–116, 2013.

J. Ackah, et. al. “Action Spectrum of Terminalia Mantaly on the In Vitro Growth of Pseudomonas” Int. J. Pharm. Res. Sch. (IJPRS) 3, 795–800, 2014.

T. Ngouana, et. al. “Potent and Synergistic Extract Combinations from Terminalia Catappa, Terminalia Mantaly and Monodora tenuifolia Against Pathogenic Yeasts” Medicines 2, 220–235, 2015.

A. A. B. A. Jacques, Y. Y. Guillaume, Y. H. Felix, K. M. K. Adou, and D. A. Joseph, “Antifungal Activity of Terminalia mantaly on the in vitro Growth of Cryptococcus neoformans” Int. J. Biochem. Res. Rev. 3, 63–73, 2013.

O. Abou, K. K. Elisée, M. S. Vénérer, and K. Ibrahim, “Study of the antibacterial activity of bark extracts from Terminalia mantaly (Combretaceae) on the in vitro growth of eight (8) clinical enterobacteria strains” J. Medicianal Plants Stud. 6, 101–105, 2018.

M. S. Owolabi, O. A. Lawal, I. A. Ogunwande, R. M. Hauser, and W. N. Setzer, “Chemical composition of the leaf essential oil of Terminalia catappa L. growing in southwestern Nigeria” Am. Journal Essent. Oils Nat. Prod. 1, 51-54, 2013.

A. Gurib-fakim and D. Frédérick, “Essential Oil of Terminalia bentzoë (L.) L . f . subsp . rodriguesensis Wickens. J. Essent” Oil Res. 6, 533–534, 2015.

A. R. Koroch, H. R. Juliani, and J.A. Zygadlo, “Bioactivity of Essential Oils and Their Components in Flavours and Fragrances: Chemistry, Bioprocessing and Sustainability” Springer (ed. Berger, R.) 87–115, 2007.

C. Figueiredo, J. Barroso, L. Pedro and J. Scheefeer, “Factors affecting secondary metabolite production in plants: Volatile components and essential oils. Flavour Fragr. J. 22, 206–213, 2007.


How to Cite
Owoade, O. M., & Oke, D. G. (2020). The Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils from the Leaf, Stem-Bark and Twig of Terminalia mantaly H. Perrier (Combretaceae) from Nigeria. European Journal of Advanced Chemistry Research, 1(5).